Archives of Microbiology & Immunology

ISSN: 2572-9365
Impact Factor: 1.1
Index Copernicus Value: 74.70
Abstracting and Indexing

Editor In Chief

Masashi Emoto

Professor of Laboratory of Immunology
Department of Laboratory Sciences
Gunma University Graduate School of Health Sciences
Gunma, Japan



Hygienic - To Be or Not To Be? An Investigation into The Most Recent Evidence

The continual advancements in major technological sectors and their immediate relevance to society has led to significant changes in the way people interact in their homes and in society. Similarly, and consequently, advances in science have considerably improved our ability to study microorganisms and have brought about major developments in characterising microbial symbiotic populations in our body (microbiota) as well as the environment. The availability of antimicrobial technologies has led to improvements in hygiene and has introduced a new standard in developed and developing countries. It has been suggested, however, that improvements in hygiene, may have contributed directly or indirectly to a rise in our tendency to develop allergic diseases (atopy). In this review we will provide the most up to date evidence that will shed light into a new perspective surrounding this theory. We will provide insights into current research focusing on the role of hygiene especially in regard to the hygiene practice improvements made recently in industrialised society. Furthermore, we will discuss the evidence surrounding the reasons behind the unprecedented rise in atopic disease in relation to existing hygiene trends, particularly in domestic settings. This review will finally address the question whether a reduction in public hygiene would be beneficial for public health and relate this to current research evidence.

Author(s): Richard Hastings and Michail H. Karavolos

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